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Confusion: Topaz, Chrysolite, Sapphire

The tenth stone is Crisolitus and it is of golden colour & sparkling as fire. his power is to gather together deuills & winds. And his vertue is to defend the place where it is from euill spiritts & dead men that they do not there any euill. And that deuills obey to thee. And his figure is vulture that is a vowter.

Sepher Razielis

First let’s address the stone Crisolitus. As this stone is referred to today is peridot, it is a green stone with hints of orange when exposed to light. Yet the description refers to a golden stone which sparkles like fire. There are numerous references of Crisolitus to Topaz ranging from Lecouteux to the Stockholm papyrus. This is likely because the derivation of chrysolite from Greek means golden and to describe a stone as golden which is actually green makes little sense. To add further to this, in the time period three names were used to refer to each other, those being Chrisolite of two varieties green and red where green is peridot and red is topaz. Topaz itself has referred to golden sapphire. So this makes it clear that some of the names in old lapidaries are a class of stones while others are more specific. Considering the description of the 10th stone as a golden color and sparkling as fire does indicate an orange or red topaz. To support this claim is the inclusion of Lecouteux, that many stones can actually be created and synthetic and hold the same properties as the natural stone.

The oldest known source of this work according to Peterson is Veterum Sophorum Sigilla which was included in Trinum Magicum (13th century),

“The image of a vulture, on Chrysolite, has the virtue of curbing demons and calling them together, and of protecting the place in which it is kept from evil spirits, and from haunting by them, and it makes demons obedient to the wearer.”

Veterum Sophorum Sigilla
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Broken Links in Sepher Razielis

I had a great chat with Al Cumins and Joseph H Peterson yesterday to discuss some potential discrepancies with a few herb. First on the subject was the 10th herb, apium. This is understood to be celery to some and parsley to others, but it has some serious evil connotations of what was an unknown origin.

the 10 herb is Ap~ni. this is of great power upon winds & deuills, and fantasies, & it is shaded & touched to shade & the cloude alstisse for in it by winds & deuills & this alone maketh albo fortu~. & they be much contrary for one is kept with heauenly angells & another with deuills. z. ap~m. And this breaketh the stone of the reynes. And a woman with child use her it not, for it noyeth to the child. And it gathereth together deuills when suffumigation is made with it nisqrmo and arthemesia Apiu~ suffumed by 7 nights with fagar almeit, & gathered cleanly & the roote of it put & dried & than tempered with aqua lapidis suffume thou thee by enviroñ, when thou wilt, & thou shalt see fantasies & deuills of diuerse maners.

Sepher Razielis
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The Beralanensis Constrainment

“BERALANENSIS, Baldachiensis, Paumachia, and Apologia Sedes, by the most mighty kings and powers, and the most powerful princes, genii, Liachidæ, ministers of the Tartarean seat, chief prince of the seat of Apologia, in the ninth legion, I invoke you, and by invocating, conjure you; and being armed with power from the supreme Majesty, I strongly command you, by Him who spoke and it was done, and to whom all creatures are obedient; and by this ineffable name, Tetragrammaton Jehovah, which being heard the elements are overthrown, the air is shaken, the sea runneth back, the fire is quenched, the earth trembles, and all the host of the celestials, and terrestrials, and infernals do tremble together, and are troubled and confounded: wherefore, forthwith and without delay, do you come from all parts of the world, and make rational answers unto all things I shall ask of you; and come ye peaceably, visibly and affably now, without delay, manifesting what we desire, being conjured by the name of the living and true God, Heliorem, and fulfil our commands, and persist unto the end, and according to our intentions, visibly and affably speaking unto us with a clear voice, intelligible, and without any ambiguity.”

This constrainment is said when the spirits of the air do not appear. What is with this conjuration? These words seem like arcane words lost to history but upon further inspection it is not the case. We really need to consider 6 parts here to understand what is being spoken about.

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Astrological Framework of the Heptameron

The Heptameron appears to have an astrological framework which is in opposition to other contemporary Solomonic pieces like the Hygromantia and Key of Solomon. For example by extension of the reference of the winds we can trace its correspondences to the source-work of Liber Juratus which places the zodiac by directions attributed to the four seasons opposed to the more common northern and southern hemispheres. This places the spring zodiac to the east, summer zodiac to the south, autumn zodiac to the west and winter zodiac to the north.

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The Raphael to Sol Conflict

Joseph Peterson in his most recent carnation of the Heptameron page in esoteric archives has conveniently provided a table referencing standard correspondences of angels to the seven planets. He notes there that Peter D’Abano implied his source for the angelic correspondence was from Averroes (1126-1198) who was a proponent of Aristotelianism and attempted to restore the original ideas of Aristotle. Needless to say although he is in our history books that he was not widely agreed with. As pertinent to the topic of the Heptameron, (and brought to my attention from Dan Schneider) Averroes associated Michael with the Sun but it seemed in his time it was not widely accepted. However the historical Peter D’Abano was fond of his work insomuch as his translation of Ibn Ezra’s work from Hebrew had appended to it the correspondence of the opinion of Averroes which placed Michael to the Sun. This puts the Historical Abano at odds with his contemporary works. But who is going to argue with the authority of Abano? See the first edition print of Abano’s translation here with his noted appended to the end after “hic completus est liber rationem” or “This completed the book”. This indicates the appended opinion to the work is not Ibn Ezra’s but rather Abano’s.

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Nine Day Purification

A lengthy purification rite is no exception to Solomonic practices. That being said there are some very heavy and intricate purification rites. By comparison, the purification rite of the Heptameron is not one of them. We are told specifics in the example of the Heptameron found below. But the predecessor (Elucidarium) states explicitly to refer to the Clavicula for how to be confessed and fast. It should be noted however that all references to the Key are highly fragmented. According to Joseph Peterson, Aub 24 appears to be the most similar version of the Clavis at the time of the creation of the Elucidarium (mid to late 15th century).We are told what the method of purification requires in two separate locations in the text:

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Gaps in the Heptameron

Here is a list of discovered gaps and assumptions made within the Heptameron along with any potential reconciliation of them.

I. Angels of the four parts of the world which do govern the seven planets the seven days of the week, colors and metals…

“let him enter the Circle, and call the Angels from the four parts of the world, which do govern the seven Planets the seven dayes of the week, Colours and Metals; whose name you shall see in their places. And with bended knees invocating the said Angels particularly, let him say,

O angels spoken of before, be my helpers in these petitions, and help me in my affairs and petitions.”

These angels we are to call are not the angels ruling the day which we are to call from the four corners of the world. Those are specifically called later in the rite. These angels seem to be the primary angels of the 7 planets and days. Plus we don’t have any reference for an invocation…

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The Triangle of Art

It has ever been an issue for me to minimize the effects of my conjuration to those outside the circle. I conjure quite a bit and I don’t really have any issue with the spirits I contact, but often times the work I do is very late in the evening or very early in the morning. It’s not exactly unheard of for my wife to wake up to some sort of activity going on during or after the ritual.

This has caused me to consider introducing a device which can contain certain spirits rather than just conjuring them to appear outside the circle. In doing so I’ve honed in on the Triangle of Art as found in the Goetia. This triangle is called for when dealing with certain pernicious spirits. Once they are conjured the magician moves them into the triangle where they are then confined until they are dismissed.

The triangle is to be a three foot equilateral triangle with three Greek names of God around the perimeter and a circle within the triangle surrounded by the name, Michael which means “like unto God”. The Greek names are Tetragrammaton which is a placeholder for “YHVH”, the unpronounceable name of God, Primeumaton which means “The First Name” or “Elohim”, and Anaphaxeton which means “Thou great god of the entire heavenly host” or Sabaoth. These three God names are actually a single name, “YHVH ELOHIM TSABOATH” or “the Lord the God of Hosts”. *

The idea is that these powerful names contain the spirit placed within them. I chose when creating the triangle to use the actual Hebrew names instead of the standard Greek placeholders. I decided to make this of quality cherry wood. My hopes are that having this present that I will be able to contain spirits within it as needed so those who may be sleeping throughout my house (and outside the circle) may be undisturbed.

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St. Cyprian Skrying Tablet

Predominantly I work with the class of spirits referred to as Angels. The thing is as of late I’ve been needing to get in touch with the more chthonic based spirits (or earthly spirits) and although the Angels don’t seem to have a problem fetching one if I need one, I’ve designed a little table to aid in the conjuring of them.

The table is based on Clavis Inferni, an 18th century grimoire dealing with chthonic spirits and the four Demon Kings which rule them. Taking the correspondences and restoring some of the names (which are modern corruptions of historical names) I created a 9″ wax tablet which has three rings inscribed on it. In the outer ring are the four demon kings inscribed. On the inner ring are inscribed the four archangels which rule the demon kings. On the inner ring is inscribed the four God names which rule the four demon kings. Found in the center of the tablet is the Secret Table of Solomon as described in the Lemegeton (Theurgia Goetia) which a crystal ball is placed on. The image is said to tame the more rebellious spirits.

I made sure to construct the wax tablet on the day and hour of Mercury (associated with communication) with consecrated beeswax. It was inscribed with a consecrated burin of art according to the Key of Solomon.

I plan to use this new tablet in some planned up and coming sessions with my skryer which will heavily be documented on this blog.